Spring is king of the season. It means the nurseries and garden centers are packed with plant lovers. Actually, all real gardeners become dirty and excited about gardening during the spring. To make fulfill these excitements, let's discuss the basic plant gardening tips for the spring season.
Starting new plants and grow them successfully is neither difficult task nor it is as complicated as you have thought. It is as easy as just digging a hole and setting the plant in. Every gardener knows well that preparing soil is the first task(Step- 1) of starting gardening and sowing seeds or buying seedlings/plants are second(Step- 2).
Examine plant well.
If you have purchased plant, closely examine the root-ball of plant. Roots may twine each other and around the root-ball. If they twine, loose or cut them gently. At the same time pay close attention around the stems of the plant, they also may twine each other where they emerge from the root ball. And remove wrap or rope around of the stem. This is extremely important because if the rope is nylon, it will not rot and will girdle on plants’ stem and finally kill the plant. Genuine and decomposable poly-packs will rot quickly underground (of the soil) and does not have to be removed or cut them before planting. If you're not sure or suspect about poly-pack types and quality, also don't have to remove them completely, you may tear or cut vertically around side of the root-ball.
The critical part is what kind of soil you are planting in.
If your soil is heavy clay, it is highly suggest that to raise the planting beds at least 6 to 8 inches with fertile topsoil. If you are unable to do so for some reason, mound the soil at least 2 inches or more for the particular area and install the plant so that the root ball lies above the existing level of the ground. Because little seedlings/plants that can not tolerate its roots being without oxygen for long time in heavy soil because of to much moisture or wet all the time. But keep in mind that plants installed on raised or mounded bed become dry out quickly in summer and windy day. Planting on the ground in heavy clay soil without raising around plants’ root-ball may cause of wet roots all the time and it may rot. And finally by rotting root plants will die.
Tips- The gardening experts suggest that when planting in heavy clay soil, dig the hole wider and deeper than the root ball and fill around and under the plant with loose organic materials or gravels. Backfilling with these materials is a really great idea. From the organic materials and gravels, water will drain quickly and soil and roots get chance to become dry and get oxygen.
For the practice- Imagine that you have a plant with root ball which is about 15 inches in diameter and 10 inches heigh and need to be set it in a hole of 30 inches diameter and 20 inches deeper hole. First, dig a hole 30/20 and before planting pour or backfill the bottom about 10 inches high and 7 inches around of hole by organic materials or gravels. Then install the plant. In this way all around and under plants’ root ball become loosen and water can drain quickly with balance.
- Keep in mind that most nursery plants are grown in well drained soil. It means that the soil in the root ball is porous (loose) and water can easily pass through and can not be seen any problems on growing.
- No matter what kind of soil you have, be careful not to install plants too deep in the ground level. They should never be planted deeper than they were grown in the nursery. Planting too deep is a common problem, and thousands of plants are killed each year by gardeners’ simple mistakes who just don't understand how critical planting depth is.
- Staking newly planted plants is always a good help. If you have new garden and constantly rocky and windy, it will have a very difficult time establishing new roots into the existing soil. A stake helps to stabilize the plant. You can use wooden sticks, bamboo sticks, rod, fence posts etc.
Now time to think about fertilizer.
It is beneficial using fertilizer on each season (but for the winter- if it is mild) for the plants either ground or container growing.
There are varieties of fertilizers under the organic and inorganic types. Organic fertilizer are the best for any kinds of plants and as well as for the clean and healthy environment too. All these fertilizers are sold in the garden center. Be very careful with fertilizers, they are more harmful than useful. If you grow plants carefully and consume all organic waste of garden and kitchen in your garden, there would be no more need of fertilizer to apply. Good care is more important than fertilizing time to time. Consuming all waste by self is the great achievement and benefit for the clean and healthy environment and as well as saving pocket money.